What is the difference between Sativa and Indica?
But is such distinction accurate?
What do experts have to say in this issue?
What is the difference between Sativa and Indica?
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Is there a difference between sativa and indica?
Cannabis users are very much familiar with the terms "sativa" and "indica." These are considered colloquial in the world of marijuana production and consumption. Typically, the understanding is that these words are the two types of cannabis that allow the user to become either "high" or "stoned."
However, researches done on marijuana corrected the false dichotomy.
According to Dr. Ethan Russo, a psychopharmacology researcher and neurologist, the distinction between Sativa and indica is questionable unless you are only referring to the morphology of the two. In one of his interviews, Dr. Russo suggested we consider abandoning the sativa–indica terminology because leading taxonomists who study cannabis have different positions on the issue.
The distinction is not a disregard for the scientific experiments on cannabis, but this gives budtenders a good starting point in dealing with their buyers. In their related blog, Insider.com quoted Jeff Chen on this issue, "In the absence of any other useful system to classify marijuana, strain and indica–sativa dichotomy is all breeders and distributors have, kind of like what Winston Churchill said about democracy. It’s the worst system invented, but the best we have."
One downside of this grouping system is that users may use something they do not need or want. For example, clients eagerly seeking to relieve their pain might experience the opposite when asking for a sativa or indica marijuana.
What causes the different effects of cannabis varieties?
The environment where the plant is grown contributes to its effects. Temperature, humidity, soil nutrients, sunlight, and altitude are all factors that can influence how a person who consumes a marijuana product physically reacts.
The best explanation for the mixed outcomes of cannabis has something to do with its chemistry. When examined at the granular level, the chemical compounds present in its leaves explain the effects of cannabis. These leaves contain thousands of chemical compounds that work in concert to provide the user with a unique experience.
How should I differentiate cannabinoids and terpenes?
In a nutshell, cannabinoids affect the human endocannabinoid system (ECS), which influences our sleep, mood, appetite, memory, and reproduction/fertility. Terpenes, otherwise, characterize the plant’s flavor and fragrance.
According to one research, there are 80 to 100 cannabinoids in cannabis growth. However, only two are considered main drivers – THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). The former makes us feel hungry and high; it also helps deal with pain and nausea. The latter is responsible for mitigating anxiety, inflammation, and other medical disorders.
To learn about the duration of THC in our body, read this blog entry, "How Long Does THC Stay In the System?"
If you want a euphoric experience, choose cannabis that is THC-rich. Patients who desire to treat their pain, muscle plasticity, glaucoma, insomnia, nausea, and anxiety feel disposed to THC-dominant cannabis.
CBD-rich strain provides the person with a clear-headed experience. Aside from this, this chemical compound helps deal with seizures caused by difficult-to-control forms of epilepsy.
Terpenes cause the aromas of cannabis, such as berries, citrus, pine, fuel, and others. These chemicals serve as the basis of many essential oils. Through these scents, the person would feel improved sensation affecting his/her mood and stress levels.
What are the differences between Sativa, Indica, hybrid, and ruderalis?
Yes, not all sativa cannabis will energize a person, but most users recognized the tendency for sativas to produce "head high" or an uplifting and stimulating experience. Because of this general effect, the day is the best time to use sativa.
- Sour Diesel
- Jack Herer
- Green Crack
- Super Silver Haze
- Durban Poison
- Strawberry Cough
- Harlequin GDP
- Super Lemon Haze
- Lucid Blue
- Sour Breath
- Red Congolese
Its generic effect on people as "body high" is common knowledge among cannabis patrons. Users who prefer indica experience pain relief and relaxation leading to a good shut-eye. Because of this, cannabis indica is preferable in the nighttime.
- Granddaddy Purple
- Ice Cream Cake
- Purple Punch
- Northern Lights
- Bubba Kush
- Mendo Breath
- GMO Cookies
- L.A. Confidential
- Blue Cheese
Combining the effects of both indica and sativa, one produces hybrid cannabis. Since much crossbreeding has been done, it is difficult to find a pure sativa or pure indica cannabis. The effect of hybrids is dependent upon the dominant chemical present. If there are more indica strains in it, the results are highly characteristics of the mentioned pedigree.
Here are some of the bestselling hybrid strains in the market:
- Lemon Chem
- Grease Monkey
- Purple Fire
- Cinderella 99
- Red Dragon
- White Widow
This type is the most uncommon. The cannabis ruderalis is a very short and compact plant with tiny, chunky buds and known to have grown amid extreme environments. Its THC contents are below 3% but have high levels of CBD.
Amazingly, the plant does not rely much on daylight hours to bloom. Its cultivation in places considerably short summer seasons yet prolonged daylight hours could be the reason behind. Experts call this trait an autoflowering characteristic.
Now, growers use ruderalis for breeding indica and sativa strains. The logic is to endow the marijuana plant with the mentioned autoflowering trait. The resulting plant is now grown under a constant 18-20-hour light exposure throughout its growth stages.
What type of cannabis is best for me?
Growers, nowadays, produce various cannabis strains that are readily available to the market. This fact compels you to know which cannabis variant would meet your needs. To determine this, read the considerations below:
- Determine your purpose for experiencing cannabis. Understand your "why" for using marijuana. By so doing, you will save yourself a lot of trouble or confusion as you approach any budtender. Ask yourself this question, "Is my purpose for using cannabis more recreational or medicinal?"
- Know the strain‘s potency. Each variant has its unique potency, which affects your body. Some are THC powerhouse, while others are CBD-rich. The percentage of these cannabinoids needs serious consideration. Suppose you are just new in this activity; opting for lower THC or CBD is highly advisable.
- Ask a healthcare professional. This consideration is most especially true if you have a particular medical condition. Before any cannabis session, it is wise first to consult your physician to avoid any untoward incident.
- Choose a consumption means. There are many ways to consume cannabis. You can smoke it, vaporize it, eat it, or drink it.
Inhalation (e.g., inhalation and vaporization) provides an immediate effect but lasts for a short period. Ingestion (e.g., eating and drinking) delays the effect but could last longer.
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Different breeds of cannabis are called strains. To provide a unique experience to consumers, growers produce many strains.