In genetics, genotype refers to the genetic make-up of living organisms. Once applied in cannabis cultivation, genotype refers to the plant’s unique genetic sequence, which affects its color, height, resin production, resiliency against diseases, etc.
The genotype of a cannabis plant is crucial for determining the cultivar’s genetic potential as well as how environmental factors may affect its growth and look.
It also represents a range of possible traits that a plant can have. Two cannabis plants of the same cultivar, for example, will not have identical features but will share genotypes inherited from their common mother plant.